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Chemical Composition

Table 1. Composition ranges for 904L grade of stainless steels.

Grade

C

Mn

Si

P

S

Cr

Mo

Ni

Cu

904L

min.

max.

-

0.020

-

2.00

-

1.00

-

0.045

-

0.035

19.0

23.0

4.0

5.0

23.0

28.0

1.0

2.0

Mechanical Properties

Table 2. Mechanical properties of 904L grade stainless steels.

Grade

Tensile Strength (MPa) min

Yield Strength 0.2% Proof (MPa) min

Elongation (% in 50mm) min

Hardness

Rockwell B (HR B)

Brinell (HB)

904L

490

220

35

70-90 typical

-

Rockwell Hardness value range is typical only; other values are specified limits.

Physical Properties

Table 3. Typical physical properties for 904L grade stainless steels.

Grade

Density
(kg/m3)

Elastic Modulus
(GPa)

Mean Co-eff of Thermal Expansion (µm/m/°C)

Thermal Conductivity
(W/m.K)

Specific Heat 0-100°C
(J/kg.K)

Elec Resistivity
(nΩ.m)

0-100°C

0-315°C

0-538°C

At 20°C

At 500°C

904L

8000

200

15

-

-

13

-

500

850

Grade Specification Comparison

Table 4. Grade specifications for 904L grade stainless steels.

Grade

UNS No

Old British

Euronorm

Swedish SS

Japanese JIS

BS

En

No

Name

904L

N08904

904S13

-

1.4539

X1NiCrMoCuN25-20-5

2562

-

These comparisons are approximate only. The list is intended as a comparison of functionally similar materials not as a schedule of contractual equivalents. If exact equivalents are needed original specifications must be consulted.

Possible Alternative Grades

Table 5. Possible alternative grades to 904L stainless steel.

Grade

Why it might be chosen instead of 904L

316L

A lower cost alternative, but with much lower corrosion resistance.

6Mo

A higher resistance to pitting and crevice corrosion resistance is needed.

2205

A very similar corrosion resistance, with the 2205 having higher mechanical strength, and at a lower cost to 904L. (2205 not suitable for temperatures above 300°C.)

Super duplex

Higher corrosion resistance is needed, together with a higher strength than 904L.

 

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Navgraha Steel & Engg Company

Hitesh Doshi(Director)
Room No. 9, 2nd Floor, 29-31, Savita Sadan
Tank Road, Mumbai - 400004
Maharashtra, India
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